The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 10, 1731 - 1735

Comparison of Mechanical Stress and Change in Bone Mineral Density Between Two Types of Femoral Implant Using Finite Element Analysis

Hirata, Yasuhide et al.
Hip

Stress shielding after total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains an unsolved issue. Various patterns of mechanical stress appear according to the type of femoral stem used. To compare differences in mechanical stress conditions between Zweymuller type and fit-and-fill type stems, finite element analysis (FEA) was performed. Differences in bone mineral density (BMD) changes in the femur were also compared. Maximum stress was confirmed in Gruen zone 4, whereas zone 1 had the minimum amount of stress with both types of implant. The Zweymuller stem group had less mechanical stress and lower BMD in zone 7 than the fit-and-fill stem group. In conclusion, differences in mechanical stress may be related to changes in BMD after THA.


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