The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 8, 1682 - 1689

Comparison of Anterior-Stabilized and Posterior-Stabilized Total Knee Arthroplasty in the Same Patients: A Prospective Randomized Study

Jang, Sung W. et al.
Knee

Background

A highly conforming, anterior-stabilized (AS) insert is designed to provide anteroposterior (AP) stability of the posterior-stabilized (PS) insert without a post. The purpose of this study was to compare the static and dynamic stability and function of AS and PS total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the same patients.

Methods

A prospective, randomized controlled trial was performed in 45 patients scheduled to undergo same-day bilateral TKA. One knee was randomly assigned to receive an AS TKA, and the other knee was scheduled for a PS TKA from the same knee system. At 2 years postoperatively, the static AP stability was compared using anterior and posterior drawer stress radiographs at 90° knee flexion. Dynamic AP stability was evaluated using one-leg standing lateral fluoroscopic images throughout the range of motion. Knee function was compared using the Knee Society Score and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score.

Results

At 2 years postoperatively, there was a significant difference in knee AP laxity at 90° of flexion between the two groups (7.6 ± 3.9 mm in the AS group vs 2.2 ± 2.3 in the PS group, P < .001). However, there were no differences in dynamic AP stability under one-leg standing fluoroscopic lateral images at 30°, 60°, and 90° knee flexion ( P = .732, P = .764, and P = .679, respectively). The Knee Society Score and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index scores were not significantly different between the two groups ( P = .641 and P = .582, respectively).

Conclusion

Despite the fact that the AS TKA group showed significantly more static posterior displacement than the PS TKA group at 90° of knee flexion, both the AS and PS TKA groups showed similar dynamic stability under weight-bearing conditions and knee function at 2 years postoperatively.

Download article