Comparative study of the use of computer assisted navigation system for axial correction in medial unicompartmental knee arthroplastyLim, MH., Tallay, A. & Bartlett, J.
The aim of our study was to compare the use of the Orthopilot Navigation system with conventional non-navigation technique for medial UKA with respect to the intraoperative mechanical limb alignment measurements and correlation with the postoperative radiological measurements. The postoperative mechanical limb alignment axes of 51 consecutive medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty performed by a single surgeon over a 12-month period were measured. The cases were randomly assigned to two groups of which 21 cases were performed using conventional non-navigation based technique and 30 cases were performed using the Orthopilot Navigation System. Computed tomography (CT) scanogram was performed for all cases within the same hospitalization stay to assess the postoperative mechanical limb alignment. Our results showed that the non-navigated group had a more neutral mechanical axis with a narrower range compared to the navigation assisted group. The difference in the mean mechanical axis between the two groups was statistically not significant. There was poor correlation between the intraoperative navigation system measurements and the postoperative radiological measurements. In conclusion, the use of computer navigation in UKA is not as well validated as compared to TKA. We did not demonstrate any improvement in postoperative axial limb alignment measurement in using a computer navigation system compared to conventional non-navigation technique.