The Knee, ISSN: 0968-0160, Vol: 27, Issue: 3, Page: 980-986

Common peroneal nerve ‘pre-release’ in total knee arthroplasty for severe valgus deformities

Xu, Jie; Liu, Hongwen; Luo, Fenqi; Lin, Yuan
Knee

Background

Common peroneal nerve (CPN) palsy is a devastating complication that follows total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there are only a few studies on concrete measures for protecting the CPN in patients. This study aimed to put forward the CPN ’pre-release’ method to protect the nerve.

Methods

A prospective study was conducted on 30 patients (34 knees) with severe valgus knees who underwent CPN pre-release. This was a two-incision approach, and required a separate dissection of about three centimeters from the TKA operation. Clinical measurements including pre- and postoperative motor and sensory nerve function of CPN, radiological evaluation, complications, and the revised data were analyzed and compared.

Results

The average preoperative femorotibial angle was 31.3 ± 8.0°. All patients had completely normal motor (grade 5) and sensory nerve function of CPN postoperatively, and there was no transient or late-onset CPN palsy. Patients had a routine rehabilitation with full weight bearing after recovery from anesthesia, including the knees with unconstrained extension/flexion motion. During the last follow-up visit, the visual analog scale, Knee Society Score, Hospital for Special Surgery knee-rating scale, and range of motion were 2.06 ± 1.13, 92.18 ± 5.57, 90.18 ± 3.70, and 115.59 ± 7.76°, respectively. There were no revisions for instability and recurrent valgus deformities during follow-up. Also, the femorotibial angle, hip–knee–ankle angle, condylar–hip angle, and plateau–ankle angle were 4.9 ± 2.0°, 179.09 ± 3.21°, 89.97 ± 2.41°, and 90.53 ± 1.26°, respectively.

Conclusions

The CPN pre-release for severe valgus knees is an effective method for nerve protection, achieving an adequate and safe release of lateral soft tissue, and providing immediate and early functional rehabilitation with decreasing constrained implant.

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