Combined detection of COMP and CS846 biomarkers in experimental rat osteoarthritis: a potential approach for assessment and diagnosis of osteoarthritisMa, T., Zhang, Z., Song, X. et al.
To comprehensively evaluate the diagnostic value of serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) and chondroitin sulfate 846 epitope (CS846) biomarkers in osteoarthritis (OA), longitudinal and combined measurement of serum COMP and CS846 were performed at different stages in the pathological process of OA in a rat model of anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT).
Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups, including a model group (n = 30) and a control group (n = 30). Rat models were established by ACLT surgery, and sham operations were performed on rats in the control group. Prior to surgery and at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks after ACLT surgery, serum levels of COMP and CS846 biomarkers were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay approach. Five rats per group were euthanized at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks after surgery, after which tibial plateau specimens were collected. Macroscopic observation and histological examination were employed for rat tibial plateau. Histological changes in articular cartilage were evaluated according to Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) scoring criteria. The area under the curve (AUC) of COMP, CS846, and combined biomarkers was compared using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.
Within 10 weeks after surgery, serum levels of COMP and CS846 in the model group were significantly higher when compared to those in the control group. Moreover, a significant correlation was observed between changes in COMP and CS846 levels. At each time point, macroscopic observations and OARSI scores were significantly increased in the development of OA. The AUC of combined biomarkers was higher compared to that of COMP and CS846 alone. Finally, a positive relationship was found between levels of COMP and CS846 and the OARSI score.
In this study, we found that combined detection of serum CS846 and COMP levels can be used for diagnosis and monitoring of OA progression.