The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 24, Issue: 2, Page: 434-438

Clinical results of alumina medial pivot total knee arthroplasty at a minimum follow-up of 10 years

Nakamura, Suguru; Minoda, Yukihide; Nakagawa, Shigeru; Kadoya, Yoshinori; Takemura, Susumu; Kobayashi, Akio; Mizokawa, Shigekazu; Ohta, Yoichi; Takahashi, Sinji; Yamamura, Kazumasa; Nakamura, Hiroaki
Knee

Background

The medial pivot total knee prosthesis with alumina ceramic femoral components was introduced to reproduce physiological knee kinematics and reduce polyethylene wear. The five-year clinical outcomes of alumina medial pivot total knee arthroplasties (TKA) have previously been reported. The purpose of this study was to provide the longer-term clinical results at a minimum follow-up of 10 years.

Methods

The clinical results of 70 alumina medial pivot TKA in 51 consecutive patients, with a minimum follow-up period of 10 years, were evaluated.

Results

Mean follow-up was 11.8 years (range 10 to 13). Alumina medial pivot TKAs improved the patients’ Knee Society knee scores, function scores, and postoperative ranges of motion compared with their pre-operative statuses (P < 0.05 for each). Revision surgery was required in one knee due to a postoperative fracture of the tibial plateau after a fall that occurred two years postoperatively. Osteolysis and femoral component loosening was identified in one case after the initial five-year time point of analysis. The survival rate was 99.1% at 10 years.

Conclusions

This study demonstrated excellent clinical results for patients receiving the alumina medial pivot prosthesis at a minimum follow-up period of 10 years.


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