The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 7 , 2182 - 2186.e1

Clinical Outcomes and Bearing-Specific Complications Following Fourth-Generation Alumina Ceramic-on-Ceramic Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Single-Surgeon Series of 749 Hips at a Minimum of 5-Year Follow-Up

Lim, Seung-Jae et al.
Hip

Background

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the minimum 5-year outcomes and bearing-specific complications in a single surgeon series of fourth-generation alumina ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasties (THAs).

Methods

We retrospectively analyzed 667 patients (749 hips) who underwent primary THAs by a single surgeon using fourth-generation alumina ceramic bearings. There were 315 men and 352 women with a mean age of 54.2 years. The surgeon used cementless prostheses with an identical design and BIOLOX Delta ceramics in all hips, using a 36-mm head in 472 hips (63%) and a 32-mm head in 227. The mean follow-up duration was 6.5 years (range, 5 to 8 years).

Results

The mean Harris hip score improved from 45.6 points preoperatively to 91.3 points at final follow-up. All but 1 acetabular cup and all femoral stems were well fixed. No radiographic evidence of osteolysis was identified at final follow-up. There were 2 (0.3%) ceramic liner fractures and no ceramic head fractures. A total of 48 hips (6.4%) exhibited audible noise (29 clickings and 19 squeakings), but no patient required revision. Other complications were 1 dislocation, 1 deep infection, 3 iliopsoas tendonitis, and 6 periprosthetic femoral fractures. Kaplan-Meier survivorship for revision for any reason was 98.6% (95% confidence interval, 97.7-99.5) at 6.5 years.

Conclusion

Delta ceramic-on-ceramic THAs had a high rate of survivorship without radiographic evidence of osteolysis at 6.5-year follow-up. However, we found 0.3% ceramic liner fractures and 6.4% audible noises associated with the use of Delta ceramics.


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