The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 3, 612 - 616

Changes in Early Serum Metal Ion Levels and Impact on Liver, Kidney, and Immune Markers Following Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty

Chen, Zhefeng et al.
Hip

We retrospectively studied 32 consecutive patients (32 hips) who underwent THA with a Durom large-head, MOM articulation between January 2008 and December 2010. Of the patients who underwent THA using a Trilogy metal on polyethylene prosthesis during the same period, 32 were chosen to form the Trilogy group. 32 volunteers were chosen to form the control group. At the last follow-up, serum metal ion levels, liver and kidney function and host immunologic immune responses were evaluated. The mean Co and Cr levels in the Durom group were 4.33- and 1.95-fold higher than those in the Trilogy group. CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ cell levels in the Durom group were significantly decreased. The INF-γ level in the Durom group was significantly higher than that in the Trilogy and control groups.


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