The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 9, 242 - 247

Cervical Myelopathy Doubles the Rate of Dislocation and Fracture After Total Hip Arthroplasty

Blizzard, Daniel J. et al.
Hip

Background

Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a common and underdiagnosed cause of gait dysfunction, rigidity, and falls in the elderly. Given the frequent concurrency of CSM and hip osteoarthritis, this study is designed to evaluate the relative risk of CSM on perioperative and short-term outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods

The Medicare Standard Analytical Files were searched from 2005 to 2012 to identify all patients undergoing primary THA and the subset of patients with preexisting CSM. Risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated for 90-day, 1-year, and overall follow-up for common postoperative complications: periprosthetic dislocation, fracture, infection, revision THA, and wound complications.

Results

The risk ratios of all surgical complications, including dislocation, periprosthetic fractures, and prosthetic joint infection, were increased approximately 2-fold at all postoperative time points for patients.

Conclusion

Preexisting CSM is a significant risk factor for primary THA complications including dislocation, periprosthetic fractures, and prosthetic joint infection.


Download article