We assessed the association of cerebrovascular disease preoperatively with patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of moderate-severe activity limitation and moderate-severe pain at 2- and 5-years after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using multivariable-adjusted logistic regression; 7139 primary and 4234 revision TKAs were included. Compared to the patients without cerebrovascular disease, those with cerebrovascular disease had a higher odds ratio (OR) of moderate-severe limitation at 2 years and 5 years, 1.32 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02, 1.72; P = .04) and 1.83 (95% CI: 1.32, 2.55; P < .001), respectively. No significant associations were noted with moderate-severe pain at 2 years or 5 years. In conclusion, we found that cerebrovascular disease is independently associated with pain and function outcomes after primary TKA. This should be taken into consideration when discussing expected outcomes of TKA with patients.
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 1, 40 - 43
Cerebrovascular Disease Is Associated with Outcomes After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A US Total Joint Registry StudySingh, Jasvinder A. et al.