The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 12, 3099 - 3105

Bilateral High Hip Center Provides Gait Parameters Similar to Anatomical Reconstruction: A Gait Analysis Study in Hip Replacement Patients With Bilateral Developmental Dysplasia

Karaismailoglu, Bedri et al.
Hip

Background

Total hip arthroplasty in severe dysplasia is challenging due to diminished periacetabular bone stock and the highly placed femoral head. Although anatomical reconstruction of the hip, with required interventions such as subtrochanteric osteotomy and graft usage, is the main aim of the procedure, good long-term clinical outcomes of the high hip center technique have also been reported. Information regarding the effect of hip center placement on gait characteristics is limited; therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the differences in gait parameters between the high hip center technique and anatomical reconstruction of the hip.

Methods

Twenty patients (40 hips) with bilateral Crowe type III-IV developmental dysplasia of the hip who underwent bilateral total hip arthroplasty and completed at least 2 years of follow-up were included. Group 1 comprised 10 patients (20 hips) who underwent anatomical hip center reconstruction, while group 2 comprised 10 patients (20 hips) who underwent high hip center reconstruction. The gait characteristics of patients were examined through markers placed in certain anatomical regions, the cameras placed around, and the force plates embedded in the walking platform.

Results

There was no significant difference in the gait characteristics according to the location of the hip rotation center. The mean temporospatial, kinematic, and kinetic values were similar between the groups. The most prominent difference was in the peak dynamic hip extension, which was lower in group 2 (−9.71° ± 7.46°) compared to group 1 (−6.80° ± 11.44°), although it was not statistically significant ( P = .09).

Conclusion

The bilateral high hip center technique can provide similar gait characteristics as anatomical reconstruction and may be preferred in particularly difficult cases based on the surgeon’s decision.

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