The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 19, Issue: 5, Page: 628-32

Association between in vivo knee kinematics during gait and the severity of knee osteoarthritis

Nagano, Yasuharu; Naito, Kenji; Saho, Yasuaki; Torii, Suguru; Ogata, Toru; Nakazawa, Kimitaka; Akai, Masami; Fukubayashi, Toru
Knee

Background

Osteoarthritis patients may exhibit different kinematics according to the disease stage. However, changes in the frontal and horizontal planes in each stage remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the knee kinematic gait variables of osteoarthritis patients, including the frontal and horizontal planes, with respect to the severity of the disease.

Methods

Forty-five patients with knee osteoarthritis and 13 healthy young subjects were recruited for the experiment. All subjects were examined while walking on a 10-m walkway at a self-selected speed. In each trial, we calculated the angular displacements of flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, and external/internal tibial rotation. We also measured muscle strength, range of motion (ROM), and alignment. We compared the differences in osteoarthritis severity and knee kinematic variables between osteoarthritis patients and normal subjects.

Results

The flexion angle at the time of foot contact was significantly less in patients with severe and moderate osteoarthritis than in normal subjects (both p < 0.01). The abduction angle at the 50% stance phase was significantly less in patients with severe osteoarthritis than in normal subjects ( p < 0.05). The excursion of axial tibial rotation was significantly less in patients with early osteoarthritis than in normal subjects ( p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Osteoarthritis patients had different knee kinematics during gait, depending on the progress of osteoarthritis. Early-stage patients exhibit decreased axial tibial rotation excursion, while severe-stage patient exhibit increased knee adduction.

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