Journal of Orthopaedic Research Volume 37, Issue 12 p. 2593-2600

Association Between Gait Kinetics and Symptomatic Progression in Persons With Patellofemoral With/Without Concurrent Tibiofemoral Osteoarthritis

Tzu‐Chieh Liao Hsiang‐Ling Teng Thomas M. Link Sharmila Majumdar Richard B. Souza

To identify the biomechanical risk factors associated with symptomatic progression at 1‐year follow‐up in persons with patellofemoral joint (PFJ) osteoarthritis (OA). Patients’ self‐reported Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score questionnaires, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and three‐dimensional gait analysis were obtained in 53 subjects with PFJ OA at baseline and after 1 year. Joint OA was diagnosed on knee MR images if cartilage lesions existed. Progression was defined by worsening of patients’ self‐reported symptoms from baseline to 1 year exceeding the minimal detectable change score. Analysis of covariance was used to compare peak knee flexion moment, knee flexion moment impulse, and vertical ground reaction force loading rate between progressors and non‐progressors. Seven (13.2%) subjects exhibited progression in self‐reported symptoms at 1‐year follow‐up. When comparing to non‐progressors, significantly higher peak knee flexion moment during first half of stance (p = 0.017) and higher moment impulse during the both halves of stance were observed among progressors (p = 0.020–0.040). Persons with symptomatic PFJ OA progression with or without concurrent tibiofemoral OA exhibited abnormal joint loading mechanics when compared with individuals who did not progress. Further work is needed to determine if modification to these loading variables results in a change in the symptomatic progression in these individuals. © 2019 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 37:2593–2600, 2019

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