The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 5, 1424 - 1431
Are There Gender-Specific Errors in Restoration of Hip Biomechanics That Affect Outcome Following Total Hip Arthroplasty?Warnock, Jonathan M. et al.
There are morphologic differences between males and females, which are currently underappreciated during total hip arthroplasty. We sought to assess whether these differences affected surgical process and subsequent outcome.
A total of 123 patients (75 females, 48 males) had preoperative and 1-year Oxford Hip Score (OHS) and pain scores recorded. Acetabular height and offset, femoral height and offset, and acetabular floor depth were measured on preoperative and postoperative X-rays and then compared to their normal opposite hip. Discrepancies between the replaced and normal hip X-ray measurements were then correlated with changes (the delta gain) in preoperative and 1-year postoperative OHS and pain scores.
Postoperatively, females had significantly greater femoral height discrepancy ( P = .023) which meant they were lengthened. This led to a reduced delta gain in OHS and pain score at 1 year. Males lost more acetabular offset than females ( P = .002), leading to a medialized acetabular center and subsequently reduced delta gain in pain score at 1 year ( P = .017).
Females have a smaller femur leading to a bias toward a conservative (higher) neck cut compared with males and potential for femoral lengthening. Males have a greater acetabular floor depth compared with females and thus reaming to the true floor results in greater loss of acetabular offset. In this series, both scenarios led to reduced improvement in OHS and/or pain scores at 1 year.