The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 1, 126 - 131.e2

Are Gender, Comorbidity, and Obesity Risk Factors for Postoperative Periprosthetic Fractures After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty?

Singh, Jasvinder A. et al.
Hip

We studied the frequency and patient risk factors for postoperative periprosthetic fractures after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). With a mean follow-up of 6.3 years, 305 postoperative periprosthetic fractures occurred in 14 065 primary THAs. In multivariable-adjusted Cox regression analyses, female gender (hazard ratio [HR], 1.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.17-1.88), Deyo-Charlson comorbidity score of 2 (HR, 1.74 for score of 2; 95% CI, 1.25-2.43) or 3 or higher (HR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.26-2.32), and American Society of Anesthesiologist class of 2 (HR, 1.84; 95% CI, 0.90-3.76) or 3 (HR, 2.45; 95% CI, 1.18-5.1) or 4 or higher (HR, 2.68; 95% CI, 0.70-10.28) were significantly associated with higher risk/hazard, and cemented implant, with lower hazard (HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.54-0.87) of postoperative periprosthetic fractures. Interventions targeted at optimizing comorbidity management may decrease postoperative fractures after THA.


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