The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 9 , 2961 - 2966

An Early Report of the Use of a Modular Dual Mobility Articulation in Revision Acetabular Reconstruction

Diamond, Owen J. et al.
Hip

Background

Instability remains one of the main problems after revision hip surgery. The aim of this study was to review the clinical, radiological, and patient-reported outcomes with the use of modular dual-mobility articulation for revision acetabular reconstruction and investigate the risk of fretting corrosion by measuring serum trace metal ion levels.

Methods

Sixty consecutive patients with a minimum of 24-month follow-up after the insertion of a modular dual-mobility (Stryker, Mahwah, NJ) cup at the time of revision hip surgery were identified. Follow-up included clinical and radiological patient review and functional outcome measures, and a subset of patients had their metal ion (cobalt and chromium) levels checked.

Results

At the most recent follow-up, 5 patients had died, 3 patients have been revised because of ongoing instability, and 3 patients have had revision surgery due to infection. Overall functional outcome (mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Indexfunction 76, University of California, Los Angeles 5.6, mean Oxford 74.7, Short Form-12 physical 41.6/mental 53.3) and overall pain relief (mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index pain score 78.3) scores were good. The mean satisfaction score was 78 of 100. The median serum trace metal chromium and cobalt levels at the most recent follow-up were 0.4 µg/L (range 0.1-6.1 µg/L) and 0.42 µg/L (range 0.21-9.42 µg/L), respectively. The survival with revision as the end point was 90%.

Conclusions

Dual-mobility cups with modularity represent an excellent option for the patient having revision hip surgery at high risk of instability. This series presents good patient-reported outcome measures and a low complication and revision rate.


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