The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 12, 2941 - 2948

An Assessment of Gender-Specific Risk of Implant Revision After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Towle, Kevin M. et al.
Hip

Background

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been a successful reconstructive procedure to mitigate pain associated with diseases of the hip joint. However, some THA procedures require revision due to mechanical or biological failure. The purpose of this study was to synthesize and examine the evidence on the relative risk of revision in men and women after primary THA procedures.

Methods

We conducted a systematic literature review of cohort studies reporting THA revision risk estimate by gender. Study quality scoring and a random effects meta-analysis were performed to estimate the meta–relative risk (meta-RR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of revision, comparing men to women.

Results

Males had a statistically significant increased risk of revision after primary THA (meta-RR = 1.33 [95% CI: 1.13-1.57]), when compared to females. When stratified by cause of revision, males had a statistically significant increased risk of revision due to any cause (meta-RR = 1.16 [95% CI: 1.01-1.33]), aseptic loosening (meta-RR = 1.54 [95% CI: 1.05-2.25]), and infection (meta-RR = 1.55 [95% CI: 1.11-2.15]). For primary THA operations performed during the 2000s, males in Europe had a statistically significant increased risk of revision (meta-RR 1.42 [95% CI: 1.25-1.61]) while males in the United States had a statistically significant decreased risk of revision (meta-RR 0.80 [95% CI: 0.72-0.89]).

Conclusion

These results provide evidence for an increased risk of revision after THA among males, which may be impacted by geographic location and time period of operation. Findings suggest that a better understanding of the underlying drivers of gender-specific risks would help reduce postsurgery complications.


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