The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 5, 802 - 806

Accuracy of Image-Free Computer Navigated Total Knee Arthroplasty Is Not Compromised in Severely Deformed Varus Knees

Maniwa, Keiichiro et al.

In severe varus knee deformity, image-free computer navigated total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may result in a malaligned knee. The aim of this study was to compare the results of 17 severe varus knees (≥20°) and 81 varus knees (<20°) that underwent image-free computer navigated TKA and analyze postoperative malalignment. Computer navigated TKA was performed according to standard protocol, and component angles and mechanical axes were evaluated postoperatively with weight bearing full-length standing radiographs. All severe varus knees were corrected to within 3° of neutral lower limb alignment despite having a mean preoperative varus deformities of 22.4°. Neutral alignment was obtained in 88.9% of the varus group (mean preoperative varus deformity of 11.7°), without significant difference between the two groups. No significant difference was found in either the femoral or tibial component angles, or in the frequency of complications. Severity of varus deformity did not affect the accuracy of image-free computer navigated TKA.

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