The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 7, 2127 - 2132

A Targeted Approach to Ligament Balancing Using Kinetic Sensors

Gustke, Kenneth A. et al.
Knee

Background

Currently, soft-tissue imbalance contributes to several of the foremost reasons for revision following primary TKA, including instability, stiffness, and aseptic loosening. In order to decrease the incidence of soft-tissue imbalance, intraoperative sensors were developed to provide real-time, quantitative load data within the knee. This study examines the intraoperative data of a group of multicenter patients to determine how targeted ligament releases affect intra-articular loading, and to understand which types of releases are necessary to achieve quantified ligament balance.

Methods

A group of 129 patients received sensor-assisted TKA, as part of a multicenter study. Medial and lateral loading data were collected pre-release, during any sequential releases, and post-release. All data were collected at 10°, 45°, and 90° during range of motion testing. Ligament release type, release technique type, and resultant loading were collected.

Results

Loading across the joint decreased, overall, and became more symmetrical after releases were performed. On average, between 2 and 3 corrections were made (up to 8) in order to achieve ligament balance. The ligament release type and subsequent quantified change in loading were in agreement with historical, qualified sources.

Conclusion

Objective data from sensor output may assist surgeons in decreasing loading variability and, thereby, decreasing ligament imbalance and its associated complications.


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