A single-use, size-specific, nylon arthroplasty guide: a preliminary study for hip resurfacingUemura, K., Boughton, O. R., Logishetty, K., Halewood, C., Clarke, S. G., Harris, S. J., … Cobb, J. P. (2020).
In arthroplasty surgery, positioning of the components must be accurate and reproducible to avoid complications. Conventional guides are often used to align a component, but they require surgical skill and experience, and are prone to error. To this end, a single-use, size-specific, nylon guide (single-use nylon guide) has been developed for the purpose of increasing the accuracy without adding extra cost to the operation. The effectiveness of this type of guide was evaluated in using a synthetic bone study.
A total of 66 synthetic femurs with the same osteoarthritic morphology were prepared. 3 surgeons participated in the experiments, and each surgeon created a drill hole for the femoral component by using the single-use nylon guide or a commercially-available, conventional, metal, neck-based guide (conventional guide). Anteversion, inclination, and insertion point acquired by the guide were compared between the guides, between surgeons, and to the computer-based plan.
Anteversion acquired by the single-use nylon guide (6.7° [4.9–11.5°]) was significantly closer to the plan (14.6°) than that acquired by the conventional guide (4.3° [2.4–8.6°]) (p = 0.03). The insertion point was also significantly closer to the plan for the single-use nylon guide (3.8 mm ± 1.6 mm) than the conventional guide (5.7 mm ± 2.4 mm) (p < 0.001). No significant difference was found for the inclination (p = 0.76).
A single-use, size-specific nylon guide was effective in acquiring a higher accuracy and precision in anteversion and insertion point than a conventional guide in this synthetic bone, hip resurfacing arthroplasty study. The use of single-use guides in other orthopaedic procedures should be explored.