The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 2, 422 - 428

A Single Surgeon Series Comparing the Outcomes of a Cruciate Retaining and Medially Stabilized Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Kinematic Alignment Principles

French, Sofie R. et al.
Knee

Background

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) designs are developed to optimize kinematics and improve patient satisfaction. The cruciate retaining (CR) and medially stabilized (MS) TKA designs have reported good mid-term follow-up outcomes. However, reasons for consistently high rates of patient dissatisfaction following a TKA remain poorly understood. To further investigate this, we compared the short-term functional outcomes and quality of life, using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and range of motion (ROM), between a CR and MS TKA.

Methods

A prospective comparison was made between 2 groups (44 CR-TKAs vs 46 MS-TKAs). The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), KOOS-12, KOOS-Short form, KOOS-Joint Replacement, Oxford Knee Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, UCLA Activity Scale, and EuroQuality of life – 5 Dimension were completed preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively. The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) and Visual Analogue Scale-Satisfaction were completed at 1 year postoperatively. ROM was collected preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively.

Results

Patients who underwent an MS-TKA scored significantly better than the CR-TKA on the FJS (MS = 79.87, CR = 63.8, P = .005), the KOOS-12 Quality of Life subscale (MS = 82.8, CR = 74.4, P = .43), and the KOOS Quality of Life subscale (MS = 82.8, CR = 74.6, P = .44). There was no difference between the groups in all assessed PROMs or ROM, preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively.

Conclusion

Patients who underwent the MS-TKA scored significantly better on the FJS and the quality of life subscale of the KOOS and KOOS-12 than those who underwent a CR-TKA. All other assessed PROMs and ROM were comparable between the 2 groups and demonstrated that both implants facilitated symptom relief and improved daily function at 1 year postoperatively. These findings suggest that at short-term follow-up, the MS device is more likely to allow a patient to “forget” that a joint has been replaced and restore their quality of life. Long-term assessment of MS-TKA design outcomes in larger cohorts is recommended.

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