The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 8, 2450 - 2456

A Single-Center Experience With a Titanium Modular Neck Total Hip Arthroplasty

Gofton, Wade T. et al.
Hip

Background

Added modular junction has been associated with implant-related failures. We report our experience with a titanium-titanium modular neck-stem interface to assess complications, possible clinical factors influencing use of neck modularity, and whether modularity reduced the incidence of dislocation.

Methods

A total of 809 total hip arthroplasties completed between 2005 and 2012 from a prospectively collected database were reviewed. The mean follow-up interval was 5.7 years (3.3-10.3 years). Forty-five percent were male (360 of 809), and 55% were female (449 of 809). All stems were uncemented PROFEMUR TL (titanium, flat-tapered, wedge) or PROFEMUR Z (titanium, rectangular, dual-tapered) with a titanium neck.

Results

Increased modularity (anteverted/retroverted and anteverted/retroverted varus/valgus (anteverted/retroverted + anteverted/retroverted varus/valgus) was used in 39.4% (135 of 343) of cases using the posterior approach compared with 6.8% (20 of 293) of anterior and 23.7% (41 of 173) of lateral approaches. Four males sustained neck fractures at a mean of 95.5 months (69.3-115.6 months) after primary surgery. Overall dislocation rate was 1.1% (9 of 809). The posterior approach had both the highest utilization of increased modularity and the highest dislocation rate (2.3%), of which the most were recurrent. The anterior (0.3%) and lateral (0%) approaches had lower dislocation rates with no recurrences.

Conclusion

At a mean 5.7 years, our experience demonstrates a low neck fracture (0.5%) and a low dislocation rate (1.1%). Use of increased modularity may not improve dislocation risk for the posterior approach. Continued surveillance of this group will be necessary to determine long term survivorship of this modular titanium implant.


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