A Review of 202 Periprosthetic Fractures – Stem Revision and Allograft Improves Outcome for Type B FracturesPavlou G, Panteliadis P, Macdonald D, et al.
We report a retrospective review of the outcome of treatment of 202 periprosthetic fractures around total hip arthroplasty (THA) from two specialised arthroplasty centres. Fractures were classified according to the Vancouver classification. The aim was to evaluate treatment methods with respect to stem revision and grafting. Transverse B1 fractures treated with stem revision compared to those treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with a plate showed a trend towards improved overall union rate (OR=2, p=0.6, 95% CI:0.14–28.4) and shorter times to union (p=0.038, mean 12 months SD 6.573 for ORIF versus 4.48 months SD 0.757 for stem revision). B2 fractures undergoing stem revision and grafting were significantly more likely to unite compared to ORIF alone (OR=17.3, p=0.018 95%CI:1.63–184.4). B3 fractures presented with significant variation in fracture configuration and bone loss and therefore their treatment was individualised. When treated with stem revision and grafting healing was achieved in a mean time of 7 months (n=81). Periprosthetic fractures of the femur are highly complex and challenging. Stem revision for transverse B1 fractures is now considered as a viable treatment modality as this fracture configuration is difficult to control with single plating, and fixation with a long stem bypassing the distal fracture line is necessary to achieve axial stability and healing. Bone allografting, whether used as a cortical onlay or in morselised impacted form for B2 and B3 fractures enhances fracture healing.