The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 7, 2181 - 2185

A Prospective, Randomized Trial Comparing Liposomal Bupivacaine vs Fascia Iliaca Compartment Block for Postoperative Pain Control in Total Hip Arthroplasty

McGraw-Tatum, Molly A. et al.
Hip

Background

Increasing demand for total hip arthroplasty (THA) in a climate of increasing focus on clinical outcomes, patient satisfaction, and cost has created a need for better acute postoperative pain control for patients. An ideal pain control method would have few side effects, decreased opioid consumption, improved pain control, early ambulation, and decreased hospital length of stay (LOS).

Methods

We performed a prospective randomized, controlled study involving 79 patients undergoing elective THA between June 2015 and February 2016. Forty patients received liposomal bupivacaine and 39 patients received a fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB). In addition, the medical records of 28 patients who underwent elective THA between May 2015 and December 2015 were retrospectively examined. The primary outcome was visual analog scale pain scores and the secondary outcomes were LOS and total opioid consumption. SPSS, version 22, was used to run 1-way analysis of variance with contrast and Mood’s median test on the data.

Results

There were statistically significant decreases in pain intensity (P = .019) and LOS (P = .041) in both the liposomal bupivacaine group and the FICB group compared with those in the retrospective control group. In addition, only the FICB group showed statistically significant decreased total opioid consumption compared with that in the retrospective group (P = .028).

Conclusion

Patients undergoing elective THA have decreased overall pain intensity and a shorter LOS with multimodal pain management regimen that includes either liposomal bupivacaine or FICB. Patients who received FICB required less overall total opioids than the control group.


Download article