The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 5, 955 - 960

A New Method for Defining Balance

Gustke, Kenneth A. et al.

Recently, technological advances have made it possible to quantify pounds of pressure across the bearing surface during TKA. This multicenter evaluation, using intraoperative sensors, was performed for two reasons: 1) to define “balance” 2) to determine if patients with balanced knees exhibit improved short-term clinical outcomes. Outcomes scores were compared between “balanced” and “unbalanced” patients. At 6-months, the balanced cohort scored 172.4 and 14.5 in KSS and WOMAC, respectively; the unbalanced cohort scored 145.3 and 23.8 in KSS and WOMAC (P < 0.001). Out of all confounding variables, balanced joints were the most significant contributing factor to improved postoperative outcomes (P < 0.001). Odds ratios demonstrate that balanced joints are 2.5, 1.3, and 1.8 times more likely to achieve meaningful improvement in KSS, WOMAC, and activity level, respectively.

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