The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 7, 1387 - 1394

A Minimum of 15-Year Results of Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Using a 28-mm Metal-On-Metal Articulation

Park, Chan-Woo et al.
Hip

Background

We previously reported unexpected early failures of total hip arthroplasty (THA) utilizing a 28-mm Ultima metal-on-metal (MoM) articulation. However, long-term results of small-diameter MoM THAs still remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of the previously reported cohort at a minimum follow-up of 15 years.

Methods

The original cohort consisted of 171 primary THAs (167 patients) using a 28-mm MoM articulation performed between April 2000 and March 2002. Of these, 130 hips (126 patients) were reviewed at an average follow-up of 17.1 (range, 15-18) years. Clinical score, complications, presence of osteolytic lesion, serum metal ion concentrations, and implant survivorships were evaluated.

Results

The mean Harris Hip Score improved from 44.9 points preoperatively to 90.5 points at the latest follow-up. During the entire period since the original surgery, a total of 5 revisions (3.8%) were associated with adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD). The last revision surgery for symptomatic ARMD was performed at 6 years postoperatively. The implant survivorships with an end point of revision for aseptic failure and for any reason were 95.4% and 93.8%, respectively. Radiographic osteolytic lesions were detected in 27 hips (20.8%). The average serum metal concentration was 2.50 (range, 0.12-9.86) μg/L for cobalt and 2.81 (range, 0.82-12.3) μg/L for chromium.

Conclusions

THA using a 28-mm MoM articulation showed favorable long-term outcomes with a relatively high revision-free survival rate. There was no significant symptomatic ARMD after the last acetabular revision performed at 6 years postoperatively.

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