The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 8, 1731 - 1735

A Comparison Study of the Outcomes of Ceramic-on-Ceramic Total Hip Arthroplasty in Young vs Older Patients: A Minimum 10-Year Follow-Up Prospective Matched Study

Mahiques-Segura, Gerard et al.
Hip

Background

The purpose of this study is to analyze the outcome and prosthesis survival in patients aged between 20 and 40 years who received a cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a minimum follow-up of 10 years compared to older patients.

Methods

Prospective matched comparative study was conducted between 94 young patients with mean age of 37.2 (range 22-40) years and 90 older patients with mean age of 64.7 (range 60-70) years treated with ceramic-on-ceramic THA. Clinical outcomes were assessed by the Harris Hip Score, reduced Western Ontario and MacMaster University (WOMAC), and Short-Form-12 (SF12) questionnaires. Radiological evaluation was also performed. The primary outcome was the THA survival rate.

Results

Mean follow-up of 13.6 (range, 10-15) years. At the final follow-up, there was no significant difference between groups in Harris Hip Score ( P = .356), WOMAC-pain ( P = .461), SF12-physical ( P = .305), or SF12-mental ( P = .511), but younger group had significantly higher WOMAC-function score ( P = .013). There were 7 revisions in the younger group and 4 in the older group (P = .197). The 14-year prosthesis survival for any reason was 93.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 86.7-99.7) in the younger group and 98.3% (95% CI 95.1-100) in the older group ( P = .189). For aseptic reason, the 14-year survival was 94.7% (95% CI 88.9-100) in the younger group and 98.3% (95% CI 95.1-100) in the older group ( P = .332).

Conclusion

At minimum follow-up of 10 years, THA with cementless stem and ceramic-on-ceramic bearing provides successful survival and functional outcomes in young patients between 20 and 40 years old.

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