The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 36, Issue 1, 356 - 361

A Biomechanical Comparison of the Effect of Baseplate Design and Bone Marrow Fat Infiltration on Tibial Baseplate Pullout Strength

Kelly, Blane C. et al.
Knee

Background

Early clinical results of a new total knee arthroplasty (TKA) implant design show promise for improved outcomes and patellofemoral function scores. However, reports of early tibial component-cement interface debonding requiring revision have been published. This study investigated the biomechanical properties of three different tibial baseplates to understand potential causes of failure.

Methods

PFC Sigma (control), Attune (1st generation) and Attune S+ (2nd generation) tibial baseplates were implanted into 4th generation sawbone tibia models using a standardized technique. Three of each baseplate were cemented with and without additional bovine bone marrow fat. All models were tested to failure with measured axial distraction force. Implant type, presence or absence of bovine marrow and load to failure were all recorded and compared. Two-way ANOVA followed by post-hoc pairwise comparisons were used to determine statistical significance, which was set to P < .05.

Results

The 2nd generation tibial baseplates required significantly more force to failure. The presence of bovine marrow significantly reduced the pullout force of the implant designs overall. No significant difference was detected between the 1st generation and control baseplates. Failure mode for each model was also noted to be different irrespective of the presence or absence of bone marrow fat.

Conclusion

The 2nd generation baseplates required significantly more force to failure compared with older designs. The presence of bone marrow during cementation of a tibial base plate significantly decreased axial pullout strength of a tibial baseplate in this laboratory model. All 1st generation baseplates exhibited debonding at the cement-implant interface.

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